AN ONLINE TYPOLOGY OF NEW YORK STATE
& NORTHEASTERN PROJECTILE POINTS
The following typology has been largely, although not entirely, adapted from William A. Ritchie's (1971) Typology and Nomenclature for New York Projectile Points. This work is a classic reference for point styles from New York and it is largely applicable to the Northeast region of the U.S. and Southern Ontario as a whole.
Use the links to any of the point styles found below to see a digital images of artifacts that exemplify the type and to read a brief description of their most prominent morphological attributes. The representative artifact examples are authentic and, unless otherwise noted, are from my own personal collection. In some cases, where rarity and quality were significant factors, casts were used to provide the best representation of certain projectile point types. For organizational purposes the point styles are listed from the oldest cultural period to the most recent.
PALEO 12,000 - 10,000 BC[Return to Table of Contents]
TRANSITIONAL PALEO 10,000 - 7,000 BC
EARLY ARCHAIC 8,000 - 5,000 BC
MIDDLE ARCHAIC 5,000 - 2,000 BC
TRANSITIONAL AND LATE ARCHAIC 2,000 - 1,000 BC
EARLY WOODLAND 1,000 BC - 100 BC
Fulton Turkey Tail
MIDDLE WOODLAND 100 BC - 900 AD
Jack's Reef Corner-Notched
Jack's Reef Pentagonal
LATE WOODLAND 500 - 1,500 AD